Rouleaux 1 (Feline 1) ARROWS.jpg
Rouleaux. Feline.

Morphology: stacks of red blood cells (like a stack of coins).

Look alike: agglutination. Rouleaux can be distinguished from agglutination with a saline dilution test: place one drop of blood on a slide, add 4 – 10 drops of 0.9% NaCl, examine the slide as a wet mount with a coverslip. Saline dilution will disperse rouleaux but not agglutination.

Clinical relevance: normal in healthy cats and healthy horses. Presence of rouleaux in dogs and cattle, or excessive rouleaux in cats and horses, indicates hyperglobulinemia (inflammation, neoplasia, renal disease).

Rouleaux 2 (Feline 2) ARROWS
Rouleaux. Feline.
Rouleaux 3 (Feline 3) ARROWS
Rouleaux. Feline.
Rouleaux 4 (Feline 4)
Rouleaux throughout field of view. Feline.

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